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Improved statistical benchmarking of digital pathology models using pairwise frames evaluation


Executive Summary

Nested pairwise frames is a method for relative benchmarking of cell or tissue digital pathology models against manual pathologist annotations on a set of sampled patches. At a high level, the method compares agreement between a candidate model and pathologist annotations with agreement among pathologists’ annotations. This evaluation framework addresses fundamental issues of data size and annotator variability in using manual pathologist annotations as a source of ground truth for model validation. We implemented nested pairwise frames evaluation for tissue classification, cell classification, and cell count prediction tasks and show results for cell and tissue models deployed on a H&E-stained melanoma dataset.
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