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Clinical trial: Effects of pegozafermin on the liver and on metabolic comorbidities in subjects with biopsy-confirmed nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Summary

Background: An approved therapy for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis remains a major unmet medical need.

Aim: To investigate the histological and metabolic benefits of pegozafermin, a glyco-PEGylated FGF21 analogue, in subjects with biopsy-confirmed NASH.

Methods: This proof-of-concept, open-label, single-cohort study, part 2 of a phase 1b/2a clinical trial, was conducted at 16 centres in the United States. Adults (age 21–75 years) with NASH (stage 2 or 3 fibrosis, NAS≥4) and magnetic resonance imaging proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) ≥8% received subcutaneous pegozafermin 27 mg once weekly for 20 weeks. Primary outcomes were improvements in liver histology, and safety and tolerability.
Results: Of 20 enrolled subjects, 19 completed the study. Twelve subjects (63%) met the primary endpoint of ≥2-point improvement in NAFLD activity score with ≥1-point improvement in ballooning or lobular inflammation and no worsening of fibrosis. Improvement of fibrosis without worsening of NASH was observed in 26% of subjects, and NASH resolution without worsening of fibrosis in 32%. Least-squares mean relative change from baseline in MRI-PDFF was −64.7% (95% CI: −71.7, −57.7; p< 0.0001). Significant improvements from baseline were also seen in serum aminotransferases, noninvasive fibrosis tests, serum lipids, glycaemic control and body weight. Adverse events (AEs) were reported in 18 subjects (90%). The most frequently reported AEs were mild/moderate nausea and diarrhea. There were no serious AEs, discontinuations due to AEs, or deaths.

Conclusions: Pegozafermin treatment for 20 weeks had beneficial effects on
hepatic and metabolic parameters and was well tolerated in subjects with NASH.
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Authors

Alkhouri et al.